How to Fix Error with MS Access Database MDB and ACCDB File

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  • Updated on May 17th, 2019

In this article, I will be discussing how you can fix the error with MS Access Database MDB and ACCDB File. There are many factors that affect the integrity of Access data and lead to corruption. So, here we will be discussing a few errors which are faced by Access and some general solutions to deal with the MS Access database corruption.

MS Access Error 3049: Cannot recognize Database Format

The error itself reflects that the database is inaccessible or stopped due to some unknown reasons. It’s a runtime error that occurs because of the two main reasons.

  1. MS Access database (.mdb/accdb) file that you are trying to access is a corrupt file.
  2. It can also be the reason for improper closure of Access, virus intrusion in system or modification of elements of MS Access database.

MS Access Error 3112: User is unable to read the records

This error occurs either when a user doesn’t have the permission to read the tables and view their data or due to corrupted data, MS Access supposes that user doesn’t have the permission to read the specific data.

In case the user doesn’t have the permission to read then it is advised to consult the system administrator to change the permission settings.

MS Access Error 3800: User can’t find an index in the table

This error indicates that your Access Database file has become corrupt. It appears when the index gets damaged and MS Access is not able to trace it. In the given error, ID or AOIndex refers to the index of the hidden system table.

MS Access Error 2239: Database needs to be repaired or it’s not a Database file

This particular Access error occurs when the jet engine is not able to identify it’s structure and definition. This happens due to some corruption issue in the encountered in the data of the table or its definition.

Now, before starting with the solution you should have an idea of the causes that lead to MS Access Database errors. So, here we go.

Reasons Behind Access Database Errors

The main cause of these Access errors is the MDB and ACCDB files. MDB stands for Microsoft Database File and it has got extension .mdb which helps users to identify it. This format was used in the earlier versions of MS Access and the newer version came along with ACCDB format.

The MDB files contain tables, database queries and a lot that can be used to link and fetch data from other files. Data is stored in contiguous pages, if any one of the pages is lost or the data is corrupted then it will result in database errors.

Solutions to Fix Error with MS Access Database MDB and ACCDB File

Though it tries to repair errors manually, there are some errors that need manual recovery. Here are some general solutions that you need to try to fix problems with Microsoft Access Database.

Solution #1: Use the Inbuilt Compact and Repair Database Option

In this method, we will discuss the inbuilt tool that MS Office provides to repair MS Access database. This tool is made to deal with the corruption of large files. For using Compact and Repair Option you need to follow the below steps.

  • Open Microsoft Application and click on the Database Tools tab.
  • Select the Compact and Repair Database option.

  • Now, navigate to the corrupt file or enter the file name you want to repair.

Solution #2: By using Manual Export

Just open the corrupted database and manually export all the elements of Microsoft Access like tables, forms, queries, reports, etc. to a newly formed database. Follow the below steps to manually export MS Access elements.

  1. Firstly, open Microsoft Access application.
  2. Now go to the External Data tab and click More from the Export group, then click on Access Database.
  3. In the File name box, specify the destination and click OK.
  4. The Export dialog box will appear then provide a name for the element you are transferring and click on OK.

Solution #3: By Editing Windows Registry

See I would not recommend this procedure for normal users as the changes are irreversible. This procedure is applicable only for advanced users. Follow the below steps to manually fix Windows registry entries.

  1. First of all click on the Start button and type regedit in the search box.
  2. A Registry editor will appear on the screen then select MS Access Key.
  3. Now open the File menu and select the Export option.
  4. You have to select the destination folder from the list Save in.
  5. After that provide a name for the backup file in the File Name box and the name of the preferred branch in an Export range box. Click on Save.

Solution #4: Using Professional Solution

Even after going through all these methods, if you are unable to fix the error with MS Access Database MDB and ACCDB File then you have only one option left, and that is to use an Access database repair tool.

You can make use of any MS Access database repair tool in the market but before purchasing just check the reviews of and information about the product. I would like you to suggest a tool Aryson Access Database Recovery. This software is capable of recovering any type of corruption errors and in addition to you can even fix data misalignments and header issues. It can also repair MDB and ACCDB files with great ease. Not only this, but you can also try the free demo version of this software before buying it. It is a software you can completely bank upon.

Also Read: How to Recover Access Database Password

Bottom Lines

Above I have mentioned all the techniques to fix the error with MS Access Database MDB and ACCDB File which include the manual tricks as well as the third-party solution. In addition, I have described the common errors and the causes as well. Hope this article helps to resolve your query.  

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